One of the most prevalently asked question in relation to Horn of Africa is when will this region going to get rid off from negative tags, likewise, war, famine and a battle field for external ambitions. Definitely, this is the most responsible question which needs the most responsible answer. Similarly, it is good to hear that positive developments are underway in issues related to regional peace, security, prosperity and mutuality, nowadays, indeed a good start to the right path towards sustainable peace and development. Here are for instance dots which needed to get connected in relation to regional hard work for the sake of regional ownership toward regional issues;
- In May 3, 2020, Eritrean President Isaias Afewerki arrived in Addis Ababa for a two-day official visit
- on 25 June 2020 , President Isaias Afwerki on a working visit to Sudan
- on July 6-7 Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki held bilateral talkswith his Egyptian counterpart Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in Cairo
- On July 18, 2020 Ethiopia’s Prime Minister, Dr. Abiy Ahmed, arrived in Asmara in mid-morning hours for a working visit to Eritrea…etc the stories continues like this.
In subsequent, if someone concerns what those events truly signify, very tellingly, the answer is clear and concise. As per pervious experiences, one of the most troublesome realities in horn of Africa is its exposition toward external manipulators. External intervention by both regional and global powers intent on pursuing their strategic and economic interests in this region by then, been, endeavoring to capitalize on regional weakness, so that to set an excuse for continued external control on domestic issues is the real substance. The past and current pitfalls in terms of power and economic distributions are all sourced from continues external meddling, in its strong point that needed to be contained.
Accordingly, though it is always impossible to change the past; it is possible to start from where we are likewise. The same, countries of the region cannot go back and change the beginning but they can start from where they are and change the ending. Thus, regionalizing interests in terms of security, economy and other social issues will be the very good start. With interests has got regionalized there is a positive gain in trade and enhanced political cooperation too.
Respectively, the concept of regional peace mediation is the best preventive diplomacy to curb external interventions. This is how to prevent a conflict or to solve a violent conflict through negotiations or positive engagements, which in return rewards positive outcomes. Then, concerning this issue Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia seem that they are up to some good thing.
From Eritrea’s foreign policy perspective, anchoring on the promotion of safe neighborhood is the background principle that commands Eritrea’s foreign policy pillars. Furthermore, promoting regional security architects for conflict resolution missions, strict adherence to international law and cultivation of robust bilateral ties still dominates Eritrea’s diplomatic maneuvering yesterday and today.
Then, the above News events signifies nothing but promoting the historical, ideological, political, economic, territorial and environmental responsibility of all regional stockholders in way to solidify regional factors that connects Horn of Africa’s states and their domestic wisdoms.
In a commentary written by Amanuel Zekarias, titled; ‘“On spotting Eritrea as regional stability & prosperity nexus”, the writer discusses on how regional initiatives as best strategy are a best remedy to curb external interventions. Thus, the article recommends that regionalizing economic and security interests, which were far from occurring yesterday, might get happened today, if and only if, the constructive roles of countries like Eritrea is considerably applied. First, Eritrea, by virtue of its geopolitical status, has placed at the heart of all conflicting regional issues, from Arab-Israel historic conflict to Nile hydro-politics and from the war of ‘civilizational narratives’ to big power interventions. Second, Eritrea has this culture of ‘let prosperity but not politics command engagements’. Accordingly, history proves this to be true that placing Eritrea at a marginal status or utilizing its right for other objectives will not work.
Moreover, concerning every multilateral initiative that offers for countries like Eritrea to contribute their best is worth succeeding putting the above justifications as to make every stakeholder in its surrounding as relevant as possible. Similarly, due to the aforementioned features of the wider political arena the dynamics of violence in the Horn of Africa are needed to be examined at regional echelon as well. If it will get addressed regionally, a new ways of thinking that forwards regional ambitions is so much required here, where Eritrea has endorsed it for decades. Therefore, this is a perfect moment in history of the region to choose which path is going to follow; the one that exposes its reality to extra-regional manipulators or the other that grasps its insidious regional wisdoms in a way to build out regional trust. So, now is the right time to endorse, amongst the much regional diplomatic wisdom, ‘the Eritrean exceptionalizm’ in doing things right in diplomatic, political, security and revolutionary fronts, especially, at practical level.
Every conflicting factor has a common denominator throughout the region: its association with the particular trajectories of state formation in the region. In this perspective, the only country which has been scored better experience in attaining an exemplary nation building process is that of Eritrea.
Eritrea’s peace policy influenced by its historical and geopolitical virtues is working hard for being a neutral bridge‐builder and so does a regional peacekeeping superpower, but not picking sides with one power or playing someone against the other. As of yet peace mediation has been institutionalized, and it has become an established part of national foreign policy. Sticking to its responsibility as a ‘physician but not a judge’ roles, highest level delegation has been on due visit to neighboring countries in paying tribute to peace and development. In many experiences foreign policy is thus a practice that defines and manifests the difference between the self and other by making certain objects ‘foreign’. However, this starts to become an illusion in what is going in the horn of Africa as member states are taking homogenous steps in defining threats [poverty, ethnic radicalism, external intervention] and opportunities all at a same spot. Thoughsome says, here is going on a ‘war politics’ in the horn of Africa, this region been as never in history recapitulate itself as ‘region’, as of today, for peace and security, thanks to fresh intra-regional commitment, which needed to be deepened. All in all such responsibility is the heavy cross to bear by all member states throughout the region.
Hafiz Mohammed Alamin
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